Difference between revisions of "Paint"

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.tblGenFixed td.s11 {background-color:white;font-family:arial,sans,sans-serif;font-size:100.0%;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;color:#000000;text-decoration:none;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;white-space:normal;overflow:hidden;text-indent:0px;padding-left:3px;border-right:1px solid #CCC;border-bottom:1px solid #CCC;} </style></head><body style='border:0px;margin:0px'><table border=0 cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0 id='tblMain'><tr><td><table border=0 cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0 class='tblGenFixed' id='tblMain_0'><tr class='rShim'><td class='rShim' style='width:0;'><td class='rShim' style='width:155px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:173px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:152px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:120px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:84px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:81px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:91px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:119px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:120px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:422px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:294px;'><td class='rShim' style='width:180px;'><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s0'><td  class='s1'>Material Types<td  class='s2'>Benefits<td  class='s2'>Natural Paints &amp; Finishes<td  class='s2'>Zero VOC<td  class='s2'>Low VOC<td  class='s1'> Cost per gallon<td  class='s1'>Cleanup<td  class='s2'>Surface Applications<td  class='s1'>Green Garage Link<td  class='s3'>Other Comments<td  class='s4'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:54px;'>.</td><td  class='s5'>Linseed oil based paint<td  class='s6'>Flak plant<td  class='s7'>    * Renewable<br/>    * Sustainable<br/>    * Long life span <br/>  <td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s10'><td  class='s10'><td  class='s11'>Exterior &amp; Interior<td  class='s12'>http://ezinearticles.com/?Eco-Surface-Paint-And-Finishes&amp;id=865282<br/>http://www.livos.us<br/>http://www.solventfreepaint.com/<br/>http://www.solventfreepaint.com/linseed_paint.htm<br/><td  class='s13'>This organic paint is 100% free of any solvent and can be thinned out with boiled linseed oil. The white paint contains Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide. The colored paint contains Metal Oxide and Earth Pigment. <td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:55px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Wood and vegetable oil based paint<td  class='s7'>* soya bean oils<br/>* oak bark <br/>* madder root<td  class='s7'>* Readily available<br/>* Renewable<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Exterior &amp; Interior<td  class='s11'>www.timberoxinfo.com<br/>http://www.ecobusinesslinks.com/natural_paint_manufacturers.htm<td  class='s7'>Plant-based paints are still a bit harder to find than conventional paints, and are 25% more expensive.<br/>they will not lift or peel from new surfaces and have superior coverage ability, usually requiring only two coats.<br/>Vegetable-based paint products are sold by Safecoat in the US<td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Casein, protein, distemper, milk based paint<td  class='s7'>Casein, milk, protein<td  class='s7'>* non toxic paint<br/>* Readily available<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s14'><td  class='s16'><td  class='s11'>Exterior &amp; Interior<td  class='s11'>http://www.milkpaint.com/<td  class='s7'>Milk paint is not appropriate for damp environments as this causes the paint to flake.  Application may cause skin and eyes sensitivity as lime is a known irritant.<td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Clay based paint<td  class='s7'>Water, Clay, Chalk, Porcelain Clay, Alcohol Ester (Binder), Cellulose, Titanium Dioxide (only with Clay White #12-00), Preservative (0.1%).<td  class='s7'>* non toxic paint<br/>* Renewable<br/>* Readily available<br/>* Low levels of embodied energy<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s11'>$42 to $44 per  Gallon<br/>depending upon type<td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Exterior &amp; Interior<br/><td  class='s11'>http://www.greenbuildingsupply.com/utility/showProduct/?objectID=334<br/>http://www.bioshieldpaint.com<td  class='s7'>A naturally non drip paint without polyurethane, Durability on porous surfaces is very high. <td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Stone and mineral paint<td  class='s7'>crushed stones and minerals such as limestone, soap stone, quartz sand and dolomite<td  class='s7'>    * Durability<br/>    * Breathability<br/>    * Lightfastness and  <br/>    * Resistance against acid rain <td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Exterior &amp; Interior<td  class='s11'>http://www.eco-house.com/<td  class='s7'>Mineral pigments are available in bold colours and do not fade as easily as vegetable based paints.  Interior paint finish is entirely breathable and has very good natural anti-fungal properties.<td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Lime, lime wash, whitewash, distemper paint<td  class='s7'>Lime, lime wash, whitewash<td  class='s7'>* Good anti-fungal properties<br/>* non toxic paint<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s7'>Cannot be painted on gypsum plaster walls<br/>Suited to painting on top of a clay or lime plaster base<td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Low-odour, low VOCs or zero VOCs paints<td  class='s7'>alternative chemical and toxic substances <td  class='s14'><td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s11'>$45 and up<td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Interior<td  class='s11'>www.myaurapaints.com<br/>www.timberoxinfo.com<br/>www.oikos-paint.com<td  class='s7'>Interior paints which state zero VOCs may well be made with alternative chemical and toxic substances which are not classed as VOCs.  There are currently no legislations as to what a low or zero VOC paint can contain to be put into this class.<td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Shellac paint<td  class='s7'>insect resin<td  class='s7'>* Natural<br/>* Renewable<br/>* Sustainable<br/><td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Interior<td  class='s14'><td  class='s7'>When sourcing shellac, check the label for added methanol as this chemical reduces the eco-friendly nature of the product.<td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Natural wax<td  class='s7'>carnauba, candelilla plants and oils made from sunflower, soya bean and thistle<td  class='s7'>* Natural<br/>* Renewable<br/>* Sustainable<br/><td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Interior<td  class='s14'><td  class='s7'>Once the wood has been penetrated with the wax, it will not flake, peel or blister.<td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Natural oils<td  class='s7'>nuts and seeds such as linseed, soya, coumarone resin and tung oil<td  class='s7'>* Natural<br/>* Renewable<br/>* Sustainable<br/><td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Interior<td  class='s14'><td  class='s7'>Some products contain carcinogens and naturally low levels of VOCs. <td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Beeswax<td  class='s7'>naturally oil-based<td  class='s7'>* Natural<br/>* Renewable<br/>* Sustainable<br/><td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Exterior &amp; Interior<td  class='s14'><td  class='s7'>Finishes are naturally oil-based making them water-repellent, however less durable and water resistant than synthetic finishes.<td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Water based timber finish<td  class='s7'>may contain toxic elements<td  class='s14'><td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Interior<td  class='s14'><td  class='s7'>The low VOCs content and water based name does not mean that chemical additives &amp; binders have not been used.<td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Primer, under coat, primer, eggshell, gloss and varnish<td  class='s7'>natural linseed oil and soya<td  class='s7'>* Natural<br/>* Renewable<br/>* Sustainable<br/><td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s11'>Interior<td  class='s14'><td  class='s7'>Natural oil based materials may still offgas VOC emissions within your home. <td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Borax<td  class='s7'>natural minerals derivatives<td  class='s14'><td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>Natural solvents<td  class='s7'>Natural resin oils, citrus peel and aliphatic<td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'><td  class='s14'></tr><tr><td class=hd><p style='height:16px;'>.</td><td  class='s15'>American Clay plaster<td  class='s7'>* natural clays<br/>* recycled and reclaimed<br/>  aggregates<br/>* vibrant natural pigments <td  class='s7'>* non-dusting <br/>* mold and fade resistant <br/>* repairable <br/>* moisture controlling<br/>* non-toxic<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s8'>X<td  class='s9'>-<td  class='s17'>$14 to $20 per pack<td ><td  class='s11'>Interior<td  class='s11'>http://www.americanclay.com/<br/>www.eco-buildingproducts.com<td  class='s18'>American Clay may contribute up to 7 LEED credits (8 if you include the recycling area as all of American Clay’s packaging is recyclable) in most areas.  <br/>American Clay Earth Plaster is a practical, environmentally friendly alternative to cement, gypsum, acrylic, and lime plasters. It is compatible with the “breatheable” construction recommended for both historic and new buildings.<td ></tr></table></table></body></html>
 

Latest revision as of 10:25, 14 June 2009

Indoor air is three times more polluted than outdoor air, and according to the EPA, is considered one of the top 5 hazards to human health. Paints and finishes are among the leading causes.

Paints and finishes release low level toxic emissions into the air for years after application. The source of these toxins is a variey of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which, until recently, were essential to the performance of the paint.

New environmental regulations, and consumer demand, have led to the development of low-VOC and zero-VOC paints and finishes. Most paint manufacturers now produce one or more non-VOC variety of paint. These new paints are durable, cost-effective and less harmful to human and environmental health.

google paint speadsheet


Reduce

The main goal in paints is to reduce the toxins through the use of low-VOC and zero-VOC paints and finishes. The benefits include:

  • Health: Reduced toxins benefit everyone, including those with allergies and chemical sensitivities.
  • Environment: Reduces landfill, groundwater and ozone depleting contaminants.
  • Effective: Low-VOC products perform well in terms of coverage, scrubability and hideability (covering flaws on previous coats).
  • Water-Based: Easy cleanup wtih soap and warm water.
  • Little or No Hazardous Fumes: Low odor during application; no odor once cured. No off-gassing. Painted areas can be occupied sooner, with no odor complaints.
  • Not Deemed Hazardous Waste: Cleanup and disposal greatly simplified.

Types of Non-Toxins Paints

  • Natural Paints & Finishes - These are paints made from natural raw ingredients such as water, plant oils and resins, plant dyes and essential oils; natural minerals such as clay, chalk and talcum; milk casein, natural latex, bees' wax, earth and mineral dyes. Water-based natural paints give off almost no smell. The oil-based natural paints usually have a pleasant fragrance of citrus or essential oils. Allergies and sensitivities to these paints is uncommon. These paints are the safest for your health and for the environment.
  • Zero VOC - Any paint with VOC's in the range of 5 grams/litre or less can be called "Zero VOC", according to the EPA Reference Test Method 24. Some manufacturers may claim "Zero-VOC's", but these paints may still use colorants, biocides and fungicides with some VOC's.

Adding a color tint usually brings the VOC level up to 10 grams/liter, which is still quite low.

  • Low VOC - Low VOC paints, stains and varnishes use water as a carrier instead of petroleum-based solvents. As such, the levels of harmful emissions are lower than solvent-borne surface coatings. These certified coatings also contain no, or very low levels, of heavy metals and formaldehyde. The amount of VOC's varies among different "low-VOC" products, and is listed on the paint can or MSDS. Paints and stains, to meet EPA standards. must not contain VOCs in excess of 200 grams per litre. Varnishes must not contain VOCs in excess of 300 grams per liter. As a general rule, low VOC paints marketed by reputable paint manufacturers usually meet the 50 g/L VOC threshold. Paints with the Green Seal Standard (GS-11) mark are certified lower than 50 g/L (for flat sheen) or 150 g/L (for non-flat sheen).

Low VOC paints will still emit an odor until dry. If you are particularly sensitive, make sure the paint you buy contains fewer than 25 grams/liter of VOC's.

Reuse

There is no known reuse of paints once they have been applied to a surface.

Recycle

There is no known recycling of paints once they have been applied to a surface.

No Waste

Re-burial

Resources


  • Natural Paints and Finishes Sources

BioShield The Real Milk Paint Company
Aglaia
Livos
Auro
EcoDesign's BioShield
Weather-Bos
SoyGuard
Silacote
Anna Sova
Planet Paints link title


  • Zero VOC

AFM Safecoat
Best Paint Company
Ecoshield
Sherwin Williams
Yolo Colorhouse
Mythic Paints
[http://homesteadhouse.ca Homestead Paints


  • Low VOC

Benjamin Moore Aura
OIKOS Paints
Timber Ox Green