Difference between revisions of "History of the 4444 Second Ave Building"

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== History of the Area ==
 
== History of the Area ==
  
[[Image:warren-prentis-historic.jpg|thumb|300px|right| Warren-Prentis Historic District]]
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[[Image:French Farm Owners Detroit.jpg|thumb|300px|right|List of original French property owners in the city of Detroit]]
 
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[[Image:Canfield Street c. 1881.png|thumb|300px|right|Canfield Street looking west from 2nd Ave, c. 1881]]
 
The Green Garage is located at 4444 Second, which is considered part of the [http://www.detroit1701.org/Warren-Prentis_Hist.htm Warren-Prentis Historic District] of Detroit.  This district is part of a greater area known as Cass Farms which refers to a large parcel of land once owned by [http://www.history.army.mil/books/Sw-SA/Cass.htm Lewis Cass], former governor of the State of Michigan. His property comprised 500 acres and was bounded by present day Cass Avenue and 3rd Street, and stretched from the Detroit River to 3 miles inland (approximately up to Grand Boulevard).  Going back to the early days of French dominion, the land that would one day be known as Cass Farms was at that time divided into 3 separate parcels and was deeded by the French king as follows:
 
The Green Garage is located at 4444 Second, which is considered part of the [http://www.detroit1701.org/Warren-Prentis_Hist.htm Warren-Prentis Historic District] of Detroit.  This district is part of a greater area known as Cass Farms which refers to a large parcel of land once owned by [http://www.history.army.mil/books/Sw-SA/Cass.htm Lewis Cass], former governor of the State of Michigan. His property comprised 500 acres and was bounded by present day Cass Avenue and 3rd Street, and stretched from the Detroit River to 3 miles inland (approximately up to Grand Boulevard).  Going back to the early days of French dominion, the land that would one day be known as Cass Farms was at that time divided into 3 separate parcels and was deeded by the French king as follows:
  
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At some time before the American Revolution, the parcels came under the ownership of Charles Courtois, Francois Berthelet and Charles Beaubien.
 
At some time before the American Revolution, the parcels came under the ownership of Charles Courtois, Francois Berthelet and Charles Beaubien.
  
In 1783, all three parcels were purchased by the merchant firm of Macomb-Edgar-Macomb (William and Alexander Macomb, and William Edgar).  At some point all of the property became the estate of William Macomb and was then passed to his three sons, David, William and John.  It was from the Macomb family that Lewis Cass purchased the entirety of the property in 1816 for $12,000.
+
In 1783, all three parcels were purchased by the merchant firm of Macomb-Edgar-Macomb (William and Alexander Macomb, and William Edgar).  At some point all of the property became the estate of William Macomb and was then passed to his three sons, David, William and John.  It was from the Macomb family that Lewis Cass purchased the entirety of the property in 1816 for the sum of $12,000.
  
 
From 1830 to 1836, the population of Detroit grew so rapidly (from 2,222 in 1830 to 6,927 in 1836), that the front portion of Cass Farms from Larned Street to the River was needed for wharves, warehouses and hotels to facilitate trade.  So in 1835, the Cass Farms Company was formed and purchased the front section from Lewis Cass for $100,000.
 
From 1830 to 1836, the population of Detroit grew so rapidly (from 2,222 in 1830 to 6,927 in 1836), that the front portion of Cass Farms from Larned Street to the River was needed for wharves, warehouses and hotels to facilitate trade.  So in 1835, the Cass Farms Company was formed and purchased the front section from Lewis Cass for $100,000.
  
As Detroit became a leading manufacturing center in the last 2 decades of the nineteenth century, and the population  doubled in size, many professionals and managers were looking for housing that would reflect their increased status. This area was considered a prime location as it was close enough for those who still had to commute by horse and carriage. Leading architects were hired to develop these substantial homes.  By the 1920's, this area, particularly along Cass Corridor, was also was home to many of the first automobile dealerships, and this was the first use of the Green Garage.
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As Detroit became a leading manufacturing center in the last 2 decades of the nineteenth century, and the population  doubled in size, many professionals and managers were looking for housing that would reflect their increased status. This area was considered a prime location as it was close enough for those who still had to commute by horse and carriage. Leading architects were hired to develop these substantial homes.  By the 1920's, this area, particularly along Cass Corridor, was home to many of the first automobile dealerships, and this was the first use of the structure that now houses the Green Garage.
  
 
The area began to decline during the Great Depression, when most families found that they could not maintain such vast residences. Many of these homes were rented to multiple families, who often did not keep them up. During the 1950's and 1960's when the population of the area decreased sharply, the area went into further decline, and in the 1970's and 1980's, the Cass Corridor was known as an area of numerous illegal activities.
 
The area began to decline during the Great Depression, when most families found that they could not maintain such vast residences. Many of these homes were rented to multiple families, who often did not keep them up. During the 1950's and 1960's when the population of the area decreased sharply, the area went into further decline, and in the 1970's and 1980's, the Cass Corridor was known as an area of numerous illegal activities.
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The area has seen a resurgence since the 1990's with increased student populations, Cultural Center and medical center activity. The Warren-Prentis district contains 108 historic structures, and is notable because the majority of the pre-1930's building stock remains.
 
The area has seen a resurgence since the 1990's with increased student populations, Cultural Center and medical center activity. The Warren-Prentis district contains 108 historic structures, and is notable because the majority of the pre-1930's building stock remains.
  
== History of the Green Garage building ==
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== History of the Green Garage site and building ==
 
[[Image:polks-directories.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Polk's Detroit City Directories at the Detroit Public Library]]
 
[[Image:polks-directories.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Polk's Detroit City Directories at the Detroit Public Library]]
  
 
The building was constructed in 1920, during a boom time in Detroit. We examined a number of volumes of '''Polk's Detroit City Directory''' (if you'd like to see a sample of one of these directories, Google has digitized an [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&id=LhtNAAAAMAAJ&dq=polk's+city+directory+detroit&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=YSHukgdIzb&sig=jJq5dnSrWvxJldXcqKS3C_rippA 1855 Detroit directory]). We found out that the building has had many owners -- here's what we've learned so far:
 
The building was constructed in 1920, during a boom time in Detroit. We examined a number of volumes of '''Polk's Detroit City Directory''' (if you'd like to see a sample of one of these directories, Google has digitized an [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&id=LhtNAAAAMAAJ&dq=polk's+city+directory+detroit&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=YSHukgdIzb&sig=jJq5dnSrWvxJldXcqKS3C_rippA 1855 Detroit directory]). We found out that the building has had many owners -- here's what we've learned so far:
 
 
  
 
== Detroit City Directories from 1881-1919 ==
 
== Detroit City Directories from 1881-1919 ==
  
  
During this period, the property presently occupied by the Green Garage contained three houses with the addresses of 800, 804 and 808 Second Avenue.  This was changed to the 4442-50 address around 1920 when the houses were torn down and the new building was constructedThis is who lived in these houses:
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During the period from 1881 to 1919, the property presently occupied by the Green Garage contained '''three houses with the addresses of 800, 804 and 808 Second Avenue'''We were able to find the names of the families who lived in these homes using Polk's Detroit City Directories from the Burton Historical Collection at the Detroit Public Library.  Additional information about these families was found through searches of Ancestry.com, Google Book Search and the Detroit Public Library's online digital collection of photographs, Early Detroit ImagesInterestingly, several of the residents of these properties were successful businessmen who had each attained a level of prominence in the city of Detroit.  Here are the names of the people who lived in these homes:
  
 
'''800 Second Avenue:'''
 
'''800 Second Avenue:'''
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*'''The Mulliken Family - 1882-1896 '''
 
*'''The Mulliken Family - 1882-1896 '''
Living at this address beginning in 1882 were John B. Mulliken, his wife, Emma A., and sons Harry B. and George F.  John B. was a general manager at the Detroit, Lansing & Northern Railroad, and the Chicago & West Michigan Railway, office located at 28 Newberry Building.  In 1891, John B. is listed as a commissioner at the Board of Public Works.  John B. died on Nov. 23, 1892 at the age of 55.  Emma Mulliken remained in the house with son, Harry, a student, until sometime between 1895 and 1896 when she moved to a new address at 91 Farnsworth.
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Living at this address beginning in 1882 were John B. Mulliken, his wife, Emma A. (Batcheldor), and sons Harry B. and George F.  John Mulliken was born in New York in 1837 and his wife was born in Vermont, also in 1837.  While living at 800 Second Ave., he was the General Manager of the '''Detroit, Lansing & Northern Railroad''', the Chicago & West Michigan Railway, and the Citizens' Street Railway Company.  The office of the Detroit, Lansing & Northern Railroad was located at [http://www.greengaragedetroit.com/index.php?title=Image:Newberry_Building_Detroit.jpg 28 Newberry Building].  In 1891, John B. is listed as a commissioner at the Board of Public Works.  He was also a Civil War veteran, having served with the Fourth Cavalry from Hillsdale County, Michigan.  John B. died on Nov. 23, 1892 at the age of 55.  Emma Mulliken remained in the house with son, Harry, a student, until sometime between 1895 and 1896 when she moved to a new address at 91 Farnsworth
 +
 
 +
Their son, George F. Mulliken, born in Belvedere, Illinois in 1867, attended the Michigan Military Academy from 1886 to 1888, after which time he enrolled at the University of Michigan, graduating in 1892 with a Bachelor of Arts.  He then went to work for  Cooper, Wells & Company of St. Joseph (Berrien County), Michigan where he was a major stockholder and Treasurer of the company.  Cooper, Wells was a manufacturer of women's and girls' hosiery and one of the largest business concerns in Berrien County.
  
 
*'''The Ross Family - 1897-1912'''
 
*'''The Ross Family - 1897-1912'''
**Susanna T. (Anna) Ross, widow of Edward H. Ross, with son, John L., move into 800 Second Ave. around 1897.  US Census records indicate that Susanna was born in Ireland in 1838 and immigrated to the US in 1848.
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Susanna T. (Anna) Ross, widow of Edward H. Ross, with son, John L., moved into 800 Second Ave. around 1897.  US Census records indicate that Susanna was born in Ireland in 1838 and immigrated to the US in 1848.  John L. Ross owned the Ross & Young Machine Co, manufacturer of automotive parts and engines.  In 1915, Ross & Young, which had become the '''Ross Automobile Company''', debuted the "Ross Eight" automobile, priced at $1,350,  at an automotive exhibit held in Chicago.  The 8-cylinder engine was attracting a lot of attention at this exhibit. Other automotive manufacturers exhibiting 8-cylinder vehicles that year were Cadillac, Cole, Abbott, Remington, King, Briggs-Detroiter and Regal.
**From 1904-1905, also listed at this address is the '''Eugene Chemical Company'''.
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From 1904-1905, also listed at this address is the '''Eugene Chemical Company'''.
**1912 - Address is listed under John L. Ross.  He worked at Ross & Young Machine Co, tel. no. Grand 1115.
+
  
 
*'''The Doyle Family - 1913-1916'''
 
*'''The Doyle Family - 1913-1916'''
**The John D. Doyle family move into 800 Second Ave. in 1913.  Family includes wife, Suzanna (Susie), son, Thomas Allen, and boarder, Florence R. Cook.
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The John D. Doyle family moved into 800 Second Ave. in 1913.  Family includes wife, Suzanna (Susie), son, Thomas Allen, and boarder, Florence R. Cook.
**Thomas worked as a chauffeur for the People's State Bank.
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Thomas worked as a chauffeur for the '''People's State Bank'''.
**Florence Cook was a dressmaker.
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Florence Cook was a dressmaker.
**According to US Census records, the Doyle family was originally from New York.
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According to US Census records, the Doyle family was originally from New York.
  
 
*''' Samuel Jacobs - 1917-1918'''
 
*''' Samuel Jacobs - 1917-1918'''
**Worked as a machinist.
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Worked as a machinist.
  
 
*'''Fred Reissman - 1919'''
 
*'''Fred Reissman - 1919'''
**Worked as a foreman at the Michigan Shade Cleaning Co.
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Worked as a foreman at the Michigan Shade Cleaning Co.
 +
 
 +
<gallery>
 +
 
 +
Image:D.L. & N Locomotive.jpg|Detroit, Lansing & Northern Locomotive
 +
 
 +
Image:People's State Bank.jpg|People's State Bank and The Penobscot Building
 +
 
 +
Image:Ross Eight.jpg|1917 ad for the Ross Eight Automobile
 +
 
 +
</gallery>
  
 
'''804 Second Avenue''':
 
'''804 Second Avenue''':
 +
 +
* '''Colin Fox 1890-1891'''
 +
During these years, Colin Fox was employed as an accountant for the United News Association.  Prior to this time, he worked for the Western Union Telegraph Company.
 +
 +
* '''1892 - Vacant'''
 +
[[Image: American Boy Rockwell.jpg|right|thumb|200px| American Boy with Norman Rockwell Cover]]
 +
*''' Jacob Cotner, Jr. 1893-1897'''
 +
Jacob Cotner, Jr. was the Secretary and Treasurer of the Collector Publishing Company (later to become Sprague Publishing Company) located in the [http://www.greengaragedetroit.com/index.php?title=Image:Telephone_Building_Detroit.jpg Telephone Building] on Clifford Street.  Born in Mansfield, Ohio in 1860, he spent his youth in that state and, as a young man, worked primarily as a salesman for a variety of business interests.  He moved to Detroit around 1889 and, while working for the Collector Publishing Company, was instrumental in the development of '''"The American Boy"''' magazine (first published in 1899), a highly successful and popular publication in the early part of the 20th century, becoming its business manager.  He married Etta Marie Trowbridge of a prominent family from Toledo and they had three children.  His wife passed away in 1899 and in 1901 he was married to Celia L. Burke of Ann Arbor.  Upon his death in 1921 at the age of 60, The Detroit Free Press said of him, "Mr Cotner did a practical work for the youth of this country that can scarcely be estimated.  He was one of those who went to the root of the matter in an endeavor to help build up the citizenship of the country".  In addition to his work in the publishing industry, Mr. Cotner was on the board of trustees of the First Congregational Church of Detroit, served for 8 years as a director of the Detroit YMCA, was president of the Ohio Society of Detroit and was a member of the Detroit Golf Club.
 +
 +
*'''William T. Radcliffe 1898-1902'''
 +
William Radcliffe was a clerk for [http://www.rochesterhills.org/city_services/museum/history/d_m_ferry_company.asp D.M. Ferry & Company], a seed company that was one of the first ever to package seeds for sale in stores.  The company was founded by Dexter Mason Ferry of New York who came to Detroit in 1852.  By 1902, D.M. Ferry had purchased land in Avon Township off of Hamlin Road in order to more easily expand operations.  The "descendant" of this company, The Ferry-Morse Seed Company is today located in Fulton, Kentucky.
 +
 +
* '''Joseph Campau 1903-1905'''
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Clerk - receiver of taxes
 +
[[Image:1910 Parlor Renown Stove.jpg|thumb|right|300px|1910 Parlor Renown Stove, Independent Stove Company]]
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* '''1906 - Vacant'''
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 +
* '''Robert J. Waddell 1907-1910'''
 +
Robert Waddell was vice president and co-founder of the [http://www.shiawasseehistory.com/stove.html Independent Stove Company], established in 1905 by three former employees of the Michigan Stove Company.  By 1908, the operations had moved to Owosso, Michigan where a new building was constructed to house offices and a foundry.  Their product line expanded to include a variety of stoves, ranges, furnaces and oak heaters.  In 1933, the name of the company was changed to the Renown Stove Company.  They were in business for 45 years, finally closing their doors in 1950 having produced approximately 300,000 stoves and heaters in all.
 +
 +
*'''Ray S. Ayer 1911-1914'''
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Foreman, Superintendent (where?)
 +
 +
*'''Van Ness Delamater 1915'''
 +
Van Ness Delamater was born in July, 1878 in Hudson, New York and was a graduate of Cornell University, class of 1900.  He began work in 1915 for the Hyatt Roller Bearing Company, part of the railroad division of General Motors (this perhaps explains his one year stay in Detroit).  He was married in 1904 to a fellow Cornell graduate, Jacqueline Montague Newton, and together they had five children.  Sadly, he and his eldest son, Van Ness Delamater, Jr. (also a Cornell graduate) died in 1931 on a vacation trip to Algonquin Park, Ontario, when their boat was capsized during a strong storm and they both drowned.
 +
 +
*'''William S. Walker 1916-1918'''
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Claim Auditor, National Casualty Co.
 +
-----
 +
  
 
'''808 Second Avenue:'''
 
'''808 Second Avenue:'''
 +
[[Image:Michigan Central RR 1848.jpg|thumb|right|300px|Michigan Central Railroad Passenger Depot located on 3rd St., c. 1848]]
 +
*'''Eralsey Ferguson 1890-1892'''
 +
Living at 808 Second Avenue starting as early as 1885 (according to Dau's Detroit Blue Book) Eralsey Ferguson, his wife and two children,  John G. and Joie E. Ferguson.  Mr. Ferguson operated E. Ferguson & Company, cartage agents and freight handlers.  The Detroit City Directory of 1864 shows that he was working as a depot master for the '''Michigan Central Railroad''' and resided at 164 Griswold Street.  From 1880-1885, Ferguson was the landlord of the Cass House Hotel, once located on the SE corner of Third and River.  He was a member of the First Congregational Church of Detroit and died in 1892.
 +
 +
*'''The Woolfenden Family 1893-1902'''
 +
 +
The Woolfenden family moved to this address shortly after the death of Frederick Woolfenden, a prominent Detroit banker and co-founder of the Dime Savings Bank.  Living here beginning in 1893 was his widow, Ella Raymond Woolfenden and their four sons, George Raymond, Edward Percy, Frederick and Francis Raymond.  Frederick Woolfenden was an Englishman born in Belfast, Ireland in 1847 and was educated in Manchester, England.  He arrived in Detroit in 1863 and immediately began work clerking in various banks, among them the Merchants and Manufacturers National Bank.  Later he began working at the post office and was soon promoted to Assistant Postmaster, a position which he held for ten years. Leaving the post office, he co-founded the Dime Savings Bank of which he was Cashier and Manager.  In addition to his business interests, Frederick Woolfenden was an ordained Episcopal minister and sat on the board of the Detroit College of Medicine.
 +
 +
<gallery>
 +
 +
Image:Frederick Woolfenden.png|Frederick Woolfenden
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 +
Image:Pvt. Edward Percy Woolfenden.png|Edward Percy Woolfenden
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 +
Image:Pvt. Edward Percy Woolfenden.jpg|Pvt. Edward Percy Woolfenden, 2nd from left with cigarette, on laundry day
 +
 +
Image:Standart Bros. .jpg|Standart Brothers Wholesale Hardware
 +
 +
</gallery>
 +
 +
 +
*'''Harrison E. Welton and son, Harrison S.  1903-1905'''
 +
 +
*'''Charles I. Smith 1906-1907'''
 +
Cashier, Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford, CT
 +
 +
*'''Mabel Isbister and son James 1907-1909'''
 +
James worked as a clerk for Freeman Delamater & Co., and in 1909, as a city agent.
 +
 +
*'''Arthur A. Henderson 1910-1911'''
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Secretary and Treasurer at Peninsular Brass Works
 +
 +
*'''Nellie Wellwood, widow of Mark  1910-1912'''
 +
 +
*'''John Dobson, machinist 1911-1912'''
 +
 +
*'''Charles White, warehouseman 1911-1912'''
 +
 +
*'''Annie McDonald, widow of Angus 1912'''
 +
 +
*'''Frederick Leinninger, inspector 1913-1918'''
 +
By 1919, his widow, Barbara is living at this house with their children, Samuel, a machinist, and daughter, Wilma.
 +
 +
*'''William H. Lang, reamer and machinist 1913-1914'''
 +
 +
*'''John W. Gephart, machinist 1913'''
 +
 +
*'''Leo Alger, machinist 1913'''
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*'''Raymond Kruger, electrician 1914'''
 +
 +
*'''Emile T. Monnick, motorman 1914'''
 +
 +
*'''Frank J. Hansen, chauffeur 1915'''
 +
 +
*'''Frederick W. Borst, painter 1916'''
 +
 +
*'''Adrian Vyant 1917-1918'''
 +
 +
*'''Doris Robinson, clerk 1919'''
 +
 +
 +
*'''Charles B. Ganderton, pattern maker 1913-1918
 +
 +
==4444 Second Ave, 1921 - 1965==
 +
 +
[[Image:1922-Facade.jpg|thumb|300px|right|The exterior of the building in 1922]]
 +
 +
[[Image:1920s-Interior.jpg|thumb|300px|right|The interior of the building in the 1920's]]
 +
 +
[[Image:Canfield and Second.jpg|thumb|300px|right|1920/30s Image at WSU Virtual Motor City Collection (Detroit News):  Traffic; Canfield & Second; Showing Marked Lanes (2877)  (SHOWS RED CROWN GASOLINE STATION!) <small> Source: [http://dlxs.lib.wayne.edu/cgi/i/image/image-idx?exact=1;c=vmc;back=back1276122656;chaperone=S-VMC-X-2877%202877;evl=full-image;chaperone=S-VMC-X-2877%202877;quality=1;view=entry;subview=detail;cc=vmc;entryid=x-2877;viewid=2877;start=;resnum= Virtual Motor City</small>]]]
 +
 +
The present building at 4444 Second Avenue was built on the site of the three homes mentioned above in 1920.  Below is information gathered from the Polk City Directories showing the businesses that occupied this address from 1921 to present.
  
===Detroit City Directory 1921-1922===
+
1921-1922:
 
* 4442-50 Second Blvd.....'''DeFord Motor Truck Co'''
 
* 4442-50 Second Blvd.....'''DeFord Motor Truck Co'''
 
** Jas M DeFord (pres)
 
** Jas M DeFord (pres)
Line 69: Line 181:
 
* 4445 Second Blvd.....Schad, Phillip G. and Hoffenbacher, Fannie
 
* 4445 Second Blvd.....Schad, Phillip G. and Hoffenbacher, Fannie
  
 
+
1922-1923
===Detroit City Directory 1922-1923===
+
 
* 4442-50 Second Blvd.....'''[http://www.coachbuilt.com/bui/a/ames/ames.htm Ames-built Sales Corp]''' (bodies for Model T cars)
 
* 4442-50 Second Blvd.....'''[http://www.coachbuilt.com/bui/a/ames/ames.htm Ames-built Sales Corp]''' (bodies for Model T cars)
 
** Chas E Walker (pres)
 
** Chas E Walker (pres)
Line 79: Line 190:
 
* 4445 Second Blvd.....Schad, Phillip G.
 
* 4445 Second Blvd.....Schad, Phillip G.
  
 
+
1924-1925
===Detroit City Directory 1924-1925===
+
 
VACANT
 
VACANT
  
 
+
1927-1928
===Detroit City Directory 1927-1928===
+
 
* '''Wayne Automotive Supply Co'''
 
* '''Wayne Automotive Supply Co'''
  
 
+
1929-1932
===Detroit City Directory 1929-1932===
+
 
* '''Harrison Radiator Corp'''.
 
* '''Harrison Radiator Corp'''.
 
** Geo VanAlstyne (br manager)
 
** Geo VanAlstyne (br manager)
  
 
+
1933-1934
===Detroit City Directory 1932-1933===
+
 
VACANT
 
VACANT
  
 
+
1934-1937
===Detroit City Directory 1934-1937===
+
* '''Harrison Oldsmobile Co'''
* '''Harr Oldsmobile Co'''
+
 
** David P Harr (pres)
 
** David P Harr (pres)
 
** Mrs. Eliza C Harr (vice pres)
 
** Mrs. Eliza C Harr (vice pres)
 
** Frank P Kottenstette (sec-tres autos)
 
** Frank P Kottenstette (sec-tres autos)
  
 
+
1938
===Detroit City Directory 1938===
+
 
VACANT
 
VACANT
  
 
+
1939
===Detroit City Directory 1939===
+
 
* '''Hartman Motor Sales'''
 
* '''Hartman Motor Sales'''
 
** Earl T. Hartman
 
** Earl T. Hartman
 
** Abraham Farris
 
** Abraham Farris
  
 
+
1940
===Detroit City Directory 1940===
+
 
* '''ABC Garage'''
 
* '''ABC Garage'''
 
** Morris Cameron
 
** Morris Cameron
  
 
+
1941
===Detroit City Directory 1941===
+
 
* '''McCray Refrigerator Co.''' and '''Dealers Auto Radio'''
 
* '''McCray Refrigerator Co.''' and '''Dealers Auto Radio'''
  
 +
[[Image:kanners in the 40s.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Wendt and Kanners, Samuel Kanner's earlier location at 33 Eliot St in Detroit. Around 1925.]]
  
===1941-1942===
+
1942
* '''Samuel Kanners''' brought his shoe supply business to the building
+
* '''Samuel Kanners''' brought his shoe supply business to the building, establishing '''S. Kanners and Co'''.
 
+
  
===1944===
+
1944
 
* Bob Zukowski begins work at S. Kanners and Co.
 
* Bob Zukowski begins work at S. Kanners and Co.
  
 
+
1952
===1952===
+
 
* Frank Lucente starts work at Kanners and Patrize shoveling coal after school
 
* Frank Lucente starts work at Kanners and Patrize shoveling coal after school
  
  
===Detroit City Directory 1956===
+
1958
* '''S. Kanners and Co.'''
+
** Samuel Kanners, President
+
 
+
 
+
===Detroit City Directory 1958===
+
 
* Victor Kanners and Samuel Patrize brought their shoe businesses together into the building. Becomes '''Kanners and Patrize'''.
 
* Victor Kanners and Samuel Patrize brought their shoe businesses together into the building. Becomes '''Kanners and Patrize'''.
  
 
+
1964-1965
===Detroit City Directory 1964 and 1965===
+
 
* '''Kanners and Patrize Co.'''
 
* '''Kanners and Patrize Co.'''
 
** Victor Kanners
 
** Victor Kanners
 
** Samuel Patrize
 
** Samuel Patrize
  
===1968===
+
==4444 Second Avenue, 1966 - Present==
* '''Annex built'''
+
  
===1967===
+
[[Image:1960s-Facade.jpg|thumb|300px|right|The exterior of the building in the 1960's]]
 +
 
 +
[[Image:1960s-Facade-2.jpg|thumb|300px|right|The exterior of the building in the 1960's]]
 +
 
 +
[[Image:window with clouds.jpg|thumb|300px|right|The building today.]]
 +
 
 +
1967
 
* '''Detroit riots'''
 
* '''Detroit riots'''
  
===1968===
+
1968
 +
* '''Annex built'''
 
* Windows bricked up in building on advice of insurance company
 
* Windows bricked up in building on advice of insurance company
  
===1976===
+
1976
 
* In 1976, the building was co-owned by 4 people who worked there:
 
* In 1976, the building was co-owned by 4 people who worked there:
 
** '''Bob Patrize''' (Samuel Patrize's son) (President) (sales)
 
** '''Bob Patrize''' (Samuel Patrize's son) (President) (sales)
Line 165: Line 266:
 
**'''Frank Lucente''' (Treasurer) (ran warehouse)
 
**'''Frank Lucente''' (Treasurer) (ran warehouse)
  
===1990===
+
1990
 
* Bob Zukowski leaves and the business was sold to Frank Lucente's 2 sons, '''Frank and Douglas Lucente''' in 1990. The boys owned the business and the father owned the building.
 
* Bob Zukowski leaves and the business was sold to Frank Lucente's 2 sons, '''Frank and Douglas Lucente''' in 1990. The boys owned the business and the father owned the building.
  
===1996===
+
1996
 
* Dave Lucente sold out to '''Doug Lucente''' in 1996.  
 
* Dave Lucente sold out to '''Doug Lucente''' in 1996.  
  
===1996 or 1997===
+
1996 or 1997
 
* Building is sold to John Linardos of Motor City Brewing Works.
 
* Building is sold to John Linardos of Motor City Brewing Works.
  
=== 2007 ===
+
2007
 
* John Linardos sells the building to Tom and Peggy Brennan.
 
* John Linardos sells the building to Tom and Peggy Brennan.
  
=== Fall 2009 ===
+
Fall 2009
 
* Construction on Green Garage starts.
 
* Construction on Green Garage starts.
  
== More on the Ames Corp ==
+
Fall 2011
 
+
* Green Garage officially opens
Ames-built Sales Corp sold replacement bodies for Model T cars from 1916, when the carriage business was forced out by the automobile business, until 1926, when they were no longer needed.
+
<br style="clear:both;"/>
 +
----
  
== Additional Material ==
+
== Additional Material/Kanners and Patrize ==
 
* [[Image:Stoker Poker and a Peg.pdf]] - Bob Zukowski's retirement speech in 1991 - great story!
 
* [[Image:Stoker Poker and a Peg.pdf]] - Bob Zukowski's retirement speech in 1991 - great story!
 
* [[A Green History at the Green Garage]] - Remembrances from Bob Zukowski
 
* [[A Green History at the Green Garage]] - Remembrances from Bob Zukowski
 
* [[Tongue in Cheek]] - by Bob Zukowski
 
* [[Tongue in Cheek]] - by Bob Zukowski
  
== Historic Pictures ==
+
In 1945 Victor Kanners wrote of his remembrances of being a POW during WWII. The following links are his original thoughts, starting with a cover letter to his secretary, Dorothy, followed by his 2-part story. Finally, there are 2 post-war essays written by Victor, one in 1980 and one in 1987.
[[Image:1920s-Interior.jpg|thumb|750px|left|The interior of the building in the 1920's]]
+
  
[[Image:1922-Facade.jpg|thumb|750px|left|The exterior of the building in 1922]]
+
* [[File:Cover Letter to Dorothy.pdf]] by Victor Kanners
 +
* [[File:Horseshit and Cobblestones.pdf]] by Victor Kanners
 +
* [[File:Horseshit and Cobblestones 2.pdf]] by Victor Kanners
 +
* [[File:1980 Letter Post-War - Victor K.pdf]] by Victor Kanners
 +
* [[File:1987 Letter Post-War - Victor K.pdf]] by Victor Kanners
  
[[Image:1960s-Facade.jpg|thumb|750px|left|The exterior of the building in the 1960's]]
+
== Additional Photos/Kanners and Patrize ==
  
[[Image:1960s-Facade-2.jpg|thumb|750px|left|The exterior of the building in the 1960's]]
+
<gallery>
  
[[Image:1948 sales force.jpg|thumb|550px|left|S. Kanners & Co. Sales Force in 1948]]
+
Image:martin, bob, chief.jpg|Martin and Bob Zukowski with The Chief circa 1948
  
[[Image:martin, bob, chief.jpg|thumb|550px|left|Martin and Bob Zukowski with The Chief circa 1948]]
+
Image:victor kanners in 1969.jpg|Victor Kanners with overseas supplier in 1969
  
[[Image:victor kanners in 1969.jpg|thumb|750px|left|Victor Kanners with overseas supplier in 1969]]
+
Image:k p picnic 1961.jpg|Kanners and Patrize picnic in 1961
  
[[Image:k p picnic 1961.jpg|thumb|750px|left|Kanners and Patrize picnic in 1961]]
+
Image:k p picnic 1992.jpg|Kanners and Patrize picnic in 1992
  
[[Image:k p picnic 1992.jpg|thumb|750px|left|Kanners and Patrize picnic in 1992]]
+
</gallery>
  
[[Image:kanners in the 40s.jpg|thumb|750px|left|S Kanners and Co in the 1940's]]
 
  
 
<br style="clear:both;"/>
 
<br style="clear:both;"/>
 
----
 
----
  
== Current Research ==
 
 
=== There were houses on the lots that the historic section of the GG sits on.  Who owned the houses? Did they have kids?  What did they do?  Do their ancestors still live in the area? This is especially important since we've found relics of these families.===
 
=== What was Cass Farms?  I think it was the Lewis Cass farm. We're in Block 99...what does that mean? ===
 
 
'''Progression of property ownership on Cass Farms Property'''  <small> Source: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cass_Farm_Multiple_Property_Submission Cass Farm Property Submission] from Wikipedia </small>
 
 
* The Cass Farm area is defined as occupying the space between Woodward Avenue on the east, the Lodge Freeway on the west, Warren Avenue on the north, and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard on the south.
 
* After 1805 fire in Detroit, Congress authorized platting of a new village at Detroit. The land consisted of 3 ribbon farms (the Cass Farm, the Jones/Crane Farm, and the Forsyth Farm), as well as a section of the Park Lots between Woodward and Cass.
 
* Development of the area didn't start until the 1860's.
 
* Cass purchased the ribbon farm between what is now Cass Ave. and Third in 1816 from the Macomb family for $12,000. He began developing the areas closest to the river first, and by the time he died in 1866 he had developed just north of MLK Blvd. His children continued to develop the property after his death.
 
* The Cass Farms area remainder relatively rural until 1870, when the population of Detroit reached 80,000. A streetcar line was established in the 1860's to allow residents of the Cass Farm area to get to downtown.
 
* The West Canfield Historic District was one of the first subdivisions platted in the area, in 1871. 1880-1895 brought a boom in the construction of elegant single-family and duplex homes in the Cass Farm area. The lots on Woodward were the most expensive and featured the most opulent homes; the lots immediately off the main street were soon filled with the homes of Detroit's upper class.
 
* In the late 1890's the demand for more apartment housing led to more small apartment buildings in the area.
 
* In the early 1900's the rise of the automobile and congestion along Woodward led to development of more commercial buildings, (showrooms, service stations, and part supply businesses) and apartment housing for auto workers.
 
* The Great Depression began the long decline of the Cass Farms area. Many auto workers were out of work and many buildings went through foreclosure. Economic gains from WWII did not penetrate the area.
 
* By the 1950's there was widespread demolition of buildings in the Cass Farms area.
 
 
'''A little more on Lewis Cass'''  <small>Source: [http://apps.detnews.com/apps/history/index.php?id=199#ixzz0qOP2Vxki Detroit's street names honor early leaders - Detroit News]</small>
 
 
"Like a number of other streets located west of Woodward, Cass was once a farm boundary line. The Lewis Cass farm, purchased from the Macomb family (the Macomb family, one of Detroit's earliest settlers. They owned large parcels of land and at one time owned Hog Island, later named Belle Isle), was one of the largest Detroit farms, the width of Cass to Third Street and north from the Detroit River to Grand Boulevard in length. The 500 acres bought for $12,000 and the subsequent growth of Detroit made Cass a very wealthy man.
 
 
Cass came to Detroit as a schoolmaster in the early 1800s and became a lawyer, a colonel in the militia, and a general in the U.S. Army.
 
 
In 1813 President James Madison appointed Cass the second governor of the Michigan territory, a post he held for 18 years. He became a U.S. Senator from Michigan in 1845. In 1848 he ran for president as a Democrat, but lost to Whig Zachary Taylor. He served in the Senate until 1857 and was President James Buchanan's Secretary of State.
 
Cass Street was located immediately west of Fort Shelby, and after Cass the streets were named numerically First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, signifying their order west from the fort."
 
 
 
'''Images''':
 
 
[[Image:French Farm Owners Detroit.jpg]]
 
 
<br style="clear:both;"/>
 
----
 
 
[[Image:Canfield and Second.jpg|thumb|800px|left|1920/30s Image at WSU Virtual Motor City Collection (Detroit News):  Traffic; Canfield & Second; Showing Marked Lanes (2877)  (SHOWS RED CROWN GASOLINE STATION!) <small> Source: [http://dlxs.lib.wayne.edu/cgi/i/image/image-idx?exact=1;c=vmc;back=back1276122656;chaperone=S-VMC-X-2877%202877;evl=full-image;chaperone=S-VMC-X-2877%202877;quality=1;view=entry;subview=detail;cc=vmc;entryid=x-2877;viewid=2877;start=;resnum= Virtual Motor City</small>]]]
 
 
<br style="clear:both;"/>
 
----
 
 
=== What is the history of Second Avenue?  Did it have an "identity" in the city? ===
 
 
== Research into companies or ideas associated with the building's history ==
 
 
 
 
== From meeting with Bill McElhone of the Birmingham Historical Museum and Park ==
 
 
 
'''Organizations:'''
 
 
* Society of American Archivists
 
* Walter Reuther Archives at WSU
 
** Mike Smith
 
** Cathy Schmelling
 
** might have students who need work
 
* Manning Bros Collection
 
* Burton Historical Collection at MSU
 
* State archives
 
** Corporation records
 
* National Automotive Heritage Collection (part of Det Pub Lib)
 
* Detroit Auto Dealers Archives
 
* Preservation Wayne
 
 
'''People''':
 
* Robin Boyle (WSU Planning Department)
 
 
'''Businesses''':
 
* Allegra - for printing photos
 
** Marguerite (248-390-5531)
 
 
== From meeting with Marsha, Marilyn, Bob and Frank April 8, 2010 ==
 
[[Category:site index]]
 
Property originally bought from "3 friendly Indians" (On the Abstract)
 
===1922-23===
 
*Ames bought chassis from Ford & cabs from a furniture company in Kentucky and assembled them at this building
 
=== Pre-1941===
 
*Before 1941 building was a service garage
 
 
=== History of Kanners ===
 
* Sam Kanners born in 1896 came from Romania
 
* Originally was a finder (called on businesses and businesses asked them to "find" the supplies they needed) and worked out of his home at Forest and Beaubian
 
*1925 Wendt, Steffen and Kanners opened at 33 Elliott (Elliott and Woodward)
 
** Wendt died during World War II
 
** Steffen was in Buffalo and only furnished money
 
*1941-2 S. Kanners Co. moved to 4444 Second
 
**Note: current Midtown area was birthplace to shoe business.  Businesses started as shoe repair shops and also sold shoes.
 
**"The Chief" sponsored people from the old country when they a=came to America
 
**Bob started with the company in Sept. 1944 He was 14 and made 45 cents an hour.
 
**Ida Kanners was head of finance
 
** Frank started with the company in 1952
 
**in the 1950's Victor Kanners took over the company
 
** 1940's Bob had a '36 Plymouth that could only turn left.  In 1950's Sam gave Bob an envelope with $1000 and told him to buy a new car
 
** 1976 Victor Kanners sold business to Bob & Frank, Chester and Bob Patrize
 
** 1996 Frank sold the building to John Linardos
 
* Misc. Notes:
 
** Before annex was built, it was a dirt lot where the staff would park their cars.  The brick wall has parking places marked with staff member initials.
 
** Cinch products were their brand
 
  
 
== Links ==
 
== Links ==
Line 325: Line 331:
 
* [http://apps.detnews.com/apps/history/index.php?id=199#ixzz0qOP2Vxki Detroit's street names honor early leaders - Detroit News]
 
* [http://apps.detnews.com/apps/history/index.php?id=199#ixzz0qOP2Vxki Detroit's street names honor early leaders - Detroit News]
 
* [http://www.reuther.wayne.edu/Wayne State U./Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs].  Mike Smith or Cathy Schmelling.
 
* [http://www.reuther.wayne.edu/Wayne State U./Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs].  Mike Smith or Cathy Schmelling.
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cass_Farm_Multiple_Property_Submission Cass Farm Property Submission] from Wikipedia, More on Cass Farms Property
 +
* [http://apps.detnews.com/apps/history/index.php?id=199#ixzz0qOP2Vxki Detroit's street names honor early leaders - Detroit News] More on Lewis Cass
 +
 +
==See Also==
 +
 +
* [[Historical Research Resources]]
 +
 +
[[Category:site index]]

Latest revision as of 14:24, 31 July 2017

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History of the Area

List of original French property owners in the city of Detroit
Canfield Street looking west from 2nd Ave, c. 1881

The Green Garage is located at 4444 Second, which is considered part of the Warren-Prentis Historic District of Detroit. This district is part of a greater area known as Cass Farms which refers to a large parcel of land once owned by Lewis Cass, former governor of the State of Michigan. His property comprised 500 acres and was bounded by present day Cass Avenue and 3rd Street, and stretched from the Detroit River to 3 miles inland (approximately up to Grand Boulevard). Going back to the early days of French dominion, the land that would one day be known as Cass Farms was at that time divided into 3 separate parcels and was deeded by the French king as follows:

  • Jacques Godet, April 1750
  • Jean Baptiste des Butes dit St. Martin, in two deeds, April 1750 and March 1759
  • Francois Barrios, April 1752

At some time before the American Revolution, the parcels came under the ownership of Charles Courtois, Francois Berthelet and Charles Beaubien.

In 1783, all three parcels were purchased by the merchant firm of Macomb-Edgar-Macomb (William and Alexander Macomb, and William Edgar). At some point all of the property became the estate of William Macomb and was then passed to his three sons, David, William and John. It was from the Macomb family that Lewis Cass purchased the entirety of the property in 1816 for the sum of $12,000.

From 1830 to 1836, the population of Detroit grew so rapidly (from 2,222 in 1830 to 6,927 in 1836), that the front portion of Cass Farms from Larned Street to the River was needed for wharves, warehouses and hotels to facilitate trade. So in 1835, the Cass Farms Company was formed and purchased the front section from Lewis Cass for $100,000.

As Detroit became a leading manufacturing center in the last 2 decades of the nineteenth century, and the population doubled in size, many professionals and managers were looking for housing that would reflect their increased status. This area was considered a prime location as it was close enough for those who still had to commute by horse and carriage. Leading architects were hired to develop these substantial homes. By the 1920's, this area, particularly along Cass Corridor, was home to many of the first automobile dealerships, and this was the first use of the structure that now houses the Green Garage.

The area began to decline during the Great Depression, when most families found that they could not maintain such vast residences. Many of these homes were rented to multiple families, who often did not keep them up. During the 1950's and 1960's when the population of the area decreased sharply, the area went into further decline, and in the 1970's and 1980's, the Cass Corridor was known as an area of numerous illegal activities.

The area has seen a resurgence since the 1990's with increased student populations, Cultural Center and medical center activity. The Warren-Prentis district contains 108 historic structures, and is notable because the majority of the pre-1930's building stock remains.

History of the Green Garage site and building

Polk's Detroit City Directories at the Detroit Public Library

The building was constructed in 1920, during a boom time in Detroit. We examined a number of volumes of Polk's Detroit City Directory (if you'd like to see a sample of one of these directories, Google has digitized an 1855 Detroit directory). We found out that the building has had many owners -- here's what we've learned so far:

Detroit City Directories from 1881-1919

During the period from 1881 to 1919, the property presently occupied by the Green Garage contained three houses with the addresses of 800, 804 and 808 Second Avenue. We were able to find the names of the families who lived in these homes using Polk's Detroit City Directories from the Burton Historical Collection at the Detroit Public Library. Additional information about these families was found through searches of Ancestry.com, Google Book Search and the Detroit Public Library's online digital collection of photographs, Early Detroit Images. Interestingly, several of the residents of these properties were successful businessmen who had each attained a level of prominence in the city of Detroit. Here are the names of the people who lived in these homes:

800 Second Avenue:

  • 1881 - Vacant
  • The Mulliken Family - 1882-1896

Living at this address beginning in 1882 were John B. Mulliken, his wife, Emma A. (Batcheldor), and sons Harry B. and George F. John Mulliken was born in New York in 1837 and his wife was born in Vermont, also in 1837. While living at 800 Second Ave., he was the General Manager of the Detroit, Lansing & Northern Railroad, the Chicago & West Michigan Railway, and the Citizens' Street Railway Company. The office of the Detroit, Lansing & Northern Railroad was located at 28 Newberry Building. In 1891, John B. is listed as a commissioner at the Board of Public Works. He was also a Civil War veteran, having served with the Fourth Cavalry from Hillsdale County, Michigan. John B. died on Nov. 23, 1892 at the age of 55. Emma Mulliken remained in the house with son, Harry, a student, until sometime between 1895 and 1896 when she moved to a new address at 91 Farnsworth.

Their son, George F. Mulliken, born in Belvedere, Illinois in 1867, attended the Michigan Military Academy from 1886 to 1888, after which time he enrolled at the University of Michigan, graduating in 1892 with a Bachelor of Arts. He then went to work for Cooper, Wells & Company of St. Joseph (Berrien County), Michigan where he was a major stockholder and Treasurer of the company. Cooper, Wells was a manufacturer of women's and girls' hosiery and one of the largest business concerns in Berrien County.

  • The Ross Family - 1897-1912

Susanna T. (Anna) Ross, widow of Edward H. Ross, with son, John L., moved into 800 Second Ave. around 1897. US Census records indicate that Susanna was born in Ireland in 1838 and immigrated to the US in 1848. John L. Ross owned the Ross & Young Machine Co, manufacturer of automotive parts and engines. In 1915, Ross & Young, which had become the Ross Automobile Company, debuted the "Ross Eight" automobile, priced at $1,350, at an automotive exhibit held in Chicago. The 8-cylinder engine was attracting a lot of attention at this exhibit. Other automotive manufacturers exhibiting 8-cylinder vehicles that year were Cadillac, Cole, Abbott, Remington, King, Briggs-Detroiter and Regal. From 1904-1905, also listed at this address is the Eugene Chemical Company.

  • The Doyle Family - 1913-1916

The John D. Doyle family moved into 800 Second Ave. in 1913. Family includes wife, Suzanna (Susie), son, Thomas Allen, and boarder, Florence R. Cook. Thomas worked as a chauffeur for the People's State Bank. Florence Cook was a dressmaker. According to US Census records, the Doyle family was originally from New York.

  • Samuel Jacobs - 1917-1918

Worked as a machinist.

  • Fred Reissman - 1919

Worked as a foreman at the Michigan Shade Cleaning Co.

804 Second Avenue:

  • Colin Fox 1890-1891

During these years, Colin Fox was employed as an accountant for the United News Association. Prior to this time, he worked for the Western Union Telegraph Company.

  • 1892 - Vacant
American Boy with Norman Rockwell Cover
  • Jacob Cotner, Jr. 1893-1897

Jacob Cotner, Jr. was the Secretary and Treasurer of the Collector Publishing Company (later to become Sprague Publishing Company) located in the Telephone Building on Clifford Street. Born in Mansfield, Ohio in 1860, he spent his youth in that state and, as a young man, worked primarily as a salesman for a variety of business interests. He moved to Detroit around 1889 and, while working for the Collector Publishing Company, was instrumental in the development of "The American Boy" magazine (first published in 1899), a highly successful and popular publication in the early part of the 20th century, becoming its business manager. He married Etta Marie Trowbridge of a prominent family from Toledo and they had three children. His wife passed away in 1899 and in 1901 he was married to Celia L. Burke of Ann Arbor. Upon his death in 1921 at the age of 60, The Detroit Free Press said of him, "Mr Cotner did a practical work for the youth of this country that can scarcely be estimated. He was one of those who went to the root of the matter in an endeavor to help build up the citizenship of the country". In addition to his work in the publishing industry, Mr. Cotner was on the board of trustees of the First Congregational Church of Detroit, served for 8 years as a director of the Detroit YMCA, was president of the Ohio Society of Detroit and was a member of the Detroit Golf Club.

  • William T. Radcliffe 1898-1902

William Radcliffe was a clerk for D.M. Ferry & Company, a seed company that was one of the first ever to package seeds for sale in stores. The company was founded by Dexter Mason Ferry of New York who came to Detroit in 1852. By 1902, D.M. Ferry had purchased land in Avon Township off of Hamlin Road in order to more easily expand operations. The "descendant" of this company, The Ferry-Morse Seed Company is today located in Fulton, Kentucky.

  • Joseph Campau 1903-1905

Clerk - receiver of taxes

1910 Parlor Renown Stove, Independent Stove Company
  • 1906 - Vacant
  • Robert J. Waddell 1907-1910

Robert Waddell was vice president and co-founder of the Independent Stove Company, established in 1905 by three former employees of the Michigan Stove Company. By 1908, the operations had moved to Owosso, Michigan where a new building was constructed to house offices and a foundry. Their product line expanded to include a variety of stoves, ranges, furnaces and oak heaters. In 1933, the name of the company was changed to the Renown Stove Company. They were in business for 45 years, finally closing their doors in 1950 having produced approximately 300,000 stoves and heaters in all.

  • Ray S. Ayer 1911-1914

Foreman, Superintendent (where?)

  • Van Ness Delamater 1915

Van Ness Delamater was born in July, 1878 in Hudson, New York and was a graduate of Cornell University, class of 1900. He began work in 1915 for the Hyatt Roller Bearing Company, part of the railroad division of General Motors (this perhaps explains his one year stay in Detroit). He was married in 1904 to a fellow Cornell graduate, Jacqueline Montague Newton, and together they had five children. Sadly, he and his eldest son, Van Ness Delamater, Jr. (also a Cornell graduate) died in 1931 on a vacation trip to Algonquin Park, Ontario, when their boat was capsized during a strong storm and they both drowned.

  • William S. Walker 1916-1918

Claim Auditor, National Casualty Co.



808 Second Avenue:

Michigan Central Railroad Passenger Depot located on 3rd St., c. 1848
  • Eralsey Ferguson 1890-1892

Living at 808 Second Avenue starting as early as 1885 (according to Dau's Detroit Blue Book) Eralsey Ferguson, his wife and two children, John G. and Joie E. Ferguson. Mr. Ferguson operated E. Ferguson & Company, cartage agents and freight handlers. The Detroit City Directory of 1864 shows that he was working as a depot master for the Michigan Central Railroad and resided at 164 Griswold Street. From 1880-1885, Ferguson was the landlord of the Cass House Hotel, once located on the SE corner of Third and River. He was a member of the First Congregational Church of Detroit and died in 1892.

  • The Woolfenden Family 1893-1902

The Woolfenden family moved to this address shortly after the death of Frederick Woolfenden, a prominent Detroit banker and co-founder of the Dime Savings Bank. Living here beginning in 1893 was his widow, Ella Raymond Woolfenden and their four sons, George Raymond, Edward Percy, Frederick and Francis Raymond. Frederick Woolfenden was an Englishman born in Belfast, Ireland in 1847 and was educated in Manchester, England. He arrived in Detroit in 1863 and immediately began work clerking in various banks, among them the Merchants and Manufacturers National Bank. Later he began working at the post office and was soon promoted to Assistant Postmaster, a position which he held for ten years. Leaving the post office, he co-founded the Dime Savings Bank of which he was Cashier and Manager. In addition to his business interests, Frederick Woolfenden was an ordained Episcopal minister and sat on the board of the Detroit College of Medicine.


  • Harrison E. Welton and son, Harrison S. 1903-1905
  • Charles I. Smith 1906-1907

Cashier, Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford, CT

  • Mabel Isbister and son James 1907-1909

James worked as a clerk for Freeman Delamater & Co., and in 1909, as a city agent.

  • Arthur A. Henderson 1910-1911

Secretary and Treasurer at Peninsular Brass Works

  • Nellie Wellwood, widow of Mark 1910-1912
  • John Dobson, machinist 1911-1912
  • Charles White, warehouseman 1911-1912
  • Annie McDonald, widow of Angus 1912
  • Frederick Leinninger, inspector 1913-1918

By 1919, his widow, Barbara is living at this house with their children, Samuel, a machinist, and daughter, Wilma.

  • William H. Lang, reamer and machinist 1913-1914
  • John W. Gephart, machinist 1913
  • Leo Alger, machinist 1913
  • Raymond Kruger, electrician 1914
  • Emile T. Monnick, motorman 1914
  • Frank J. Hansen, chauffeur 1915
  • Frederick W. Borst, painter 1916
  • Adrian Vyant 1917-1918
  • Doris Robinson, clerk 1919


  • Charles B. Ganderton, pattern maker 1913-1918

4444 Second Ave, 1921 - 1965

The exterior of the building in 1922
The interior of the building in the 1920's
1920/30s Image at WSU Virtual Motor City Collection (Detroit News): Traffic; Canfield & Second; Showing Marked Lanes (2877) (SHOWS RED CROWN GASOLINE STATION!) Source: Virtual Motor City

The present building at 4444 Second Avenue was built on the site of the three homes mentioned above in 1920. Below is information gathered from the Polk City Directories showing the businesses that occupied this address from 1921 to present.

1921-1922:

  • 4442-50 Second Blvd.....DeFord Motor Truck Co
    • Jas M DeFord (pres)
    • E Foster Moreton (vice pres)
    • Jas L Weir (sec-tres)
  • 4445 Second Blvd.....Schad, Phillip G. and Hoffenbacher, Fannie

1922-1923

  • 4442-50 Second Blvd.....Ames-built Sales Corp (bodies for Model T cars)
    • Chas E Walker (pres)
    • Geo A Hans (vice pres)
    • L R Welcome (vice pres)
    • H G Beebe (Jackson, MI) (vice pres)
    • Chas G Nielsen (sec and tres - auto bodies)
  • 4445 Second Blvd.....Schad, Phillip G.

1924-1925 VACANT

1927-1928

  • Wayne Automotive Supply Co

1929-1932

  • Harrison Radiator Corp.
    • Geo VanAlstyne (br manager)

1933-1934 VACANT

1934-1937

  • Harrison Oldsmobile Co
    • David P Harr (pres)
    • Mrs. Eliza C Harr (vice pres)
    • Frank P Kottenstette (sec-tres autos)

1938 VACANT

1939

  • Hartman Motor Sales
    • Earl T. Hartman
    • Abraham Farris

1940

  • ABC Garage
    • Morris Cameron

1941

  • McCray Refrigerator Co. and Dealers Auto Radio
Wendt and Kanners, Samuel Kanner's earlier location at 33 Eliot St in Detroit. Around 1925.

1942

  • Samuel Kanners brought his shoe supply business to the building, establishing S. Kanners and Co.

1944

  • Bob Zukowski begins work at S. Kanners and Co.

1952

  • Frank Lucente starts work at Kanners and Patrize shoveling coal after school


1958

  • Victor Kanners and Samuel Patrize brought their shoe businesses together into the building. Becomes Kanners and Patrize.

1964-1965

  • Kanners and Patrize Co.
    • Victor Kanners
    • Samuel Patrize

4444 Second Avenue, 1966 - Present

The exterior of the building in the 1960's
The exterior of the building in the 1960's
The building today.

1967

  • Detroit riots

1968

  • Annex built
  • Windows bricked up in building on advice of insurance company

1976

  • In 1976, the building was co-owned by 4 people who worked there:
    • Bob Patrize (Samuel Patrize's son) (President) (sales)
    • Bob Zukowski (Vice President) (ran office)
    • Chester Martin (Secretary) (sales)
    • Frank Lucente (Treasurer) (ran warehouse)

1990

  • Bob Zukowski leaves and the business was sold to Frank Lucente's 2 sons, Frank and Douglas Lucente in 1990. The boys owned the business and the father owned the building.

1996

  • Dave Lucente sold out to Doug Lucente in 1996.

1996 or 1997

  • Building is sold to John Linardos of Motor City Brewing Works.

2007

  • John Linardos sells the building to Tom and Peggy Brennan.

Fall 2009

  • Construction on Green Garage starts.

Fall 2011

  • Green Garage officially opens



Additional Material/Kanners and Patrize

In 1945 Victor Kanners wrote of his remembrances of being a POW during WWII. The following links are his original thoughts, starting with a cover letter to his secretary, Dorothy, followed by his 2-part story. Finally, there are 2 post-war essays written by Victor, one in 1980 and one in 1987.

Additional Photos/Kanners and Patrize





Links

Resources

See Also