Historical plants, native and non-native

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source: The Garden Club of America July 1925 source: Celeste's Eco-Yardening

H = Historical plant

N = Historical native plant

Trees

  • lilac trees H
  • alder, speckled (tree) N
  • serviceberry, downy also called shadbush or juneberry (tree) N

Shrubs

  • pasture rose (shrub) (Rosa carolina) N
    • full sun
    • dry
    • sandy woods
    • 3-6 ft
    • June-July bloom
    • pink - showy red hips
  • prairie rose (shrub) (Rosa settigera) N
    • dry to moist
    • thornless
    • full sun to light shade
    • 4 ft tall, up to 15 ft wide
    • blooms in June
    • deep pink fading to white
  • swamp rose (shrub) (Rosa palustris) N
    • sun
    • wet
    • 8 ft tall
    • late June
    • pink blooms
  • smooth wild rose (shrub) (Rosa blanda) N
    • full sun to light shade
    • dry to moist
    • 2-6 ft, 4-6 ft wide
    • rosy pink to white
    • blooms in June
  • gooseberry, prickly or wild (shrub) (Ribes cynosbati) N
    • broad range of sun
    • moist but well drained
    • loamy soil
    • 1 1/2 - 5 ft
    • white flower that booms April-June
  • currant,wild black (shrub) (Rines Ameicanum)N
    • full to partial sun
    • wet to moist
    • 5 ft
    • April-May
    • yellow-white
    • berries in July-August

Flowers

  • pinks (flower) (Dianthus plumarius)H
    • sun
    • moist, well drained
    • 12-16"
    • pink
    • 24" wide
    • blooms spring to summer
  • heliotrope (flower) (Heliotropium arborescens) H
    • sun
    • dry
    • sandy
    • mid-summer
    • good for butterflies
    • contact may irritate skin
    • 18" - 4 ft (in open ground)
    • deep violet blue
  • vetch (flower) H
  • ladyslipper, yellow (flower) N
  • Cicely (herb) N info in Herb Companion Mar 08
    • green seed pods in salads
    • survives to early winter
    • can combine pods with rhubarb
    • can freeze extra pods in winter
  • marsh marigolds (wildflower) N
    • full sun to light shade
    • readily grown in shallow water
    • high in humus soil
    • spring flowers - yellow
    • 12-24 in
  • woodland phlox (sweet william) (wildflower) (Phlox maculata) N
    • full sun to light shade
    • moist, well drained soil
    • 2-3 ft tall
    • pink or white flowers
    • on Michigan's endangered list
    • mid to late summer
  • violets, downy yellow (wildflower) (Viola pubescens) N
    • shade to partial shade
    • moist but well rained
    • 6-8 in
    • Ma-June
    • yellow
  • violets, long-spurred (Viola rostrata)
    • shade
    • moist
    • 4-6 in
    • April-June
    • purple and white
  • primrose, evening (flower) (Oenthera biennis) N
    • full sun
    • 2-5 in
    • June-Oct
    • pink, white and lavender
  • mint, mountain (flower) (Pycnanthemum virginianum) N
    • loam and clay
    • 2-3 ft
    • July-Sept
    • white, purple flowers
    • full sun to partial shade
  • mint, wild (Mentha arvensis)
    • moist
    • 2-3 ft
    • July - Sept
    • pink, lavender and purple
  • bellwort (flower) (Uvularia grandiflora) N
    • full to partial shade
    • moist
    • 1.5-2.5 ft
    • April-June
    • yellow
  • lupine, wild (flower) N (Lupinus perennis)
    • full to partial sun
    • moist
    • 1-2.5 ft
    • April - July
    • blue purple white and pink
    • attracts Karner blue buterfly